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The Municipality

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An outline of Matelica’s history

Personaggi Illustri


Enrico Mattei

The big magnate Enrico Mattei was born in Acqualagna (Ps) in 1906 and died in Bescapè (Pv) in 1962. During the Second World War and the Resistance, he was in command of the local Christian Democratic partisan forces and fought against the Germans on the mountains around Matelica.

At the age of twenty-one, he was appointed production manager at the Fiore tanneries and some time later decided to go to live in Milan and try his luck there.

In 1945, as a managing director of the AGIP with the highly task to wind up the company, he became a strenuous supporter of the scientific research development in the Italian oil industry.

Elected member of the Italian Parliament, he resigned when was appointed president of the National Hydrocarbon Corporation (ENI).

During Mattei's presidency, the ENI became a leading group on the international oil market in competition with the most important oil companies, and started to expand the production to the plastics and chemical industries. Mattei, one of the major protagonists of the Italian industrial reconstruction, got killed in a plane crash whose causes are not known still today. The funeral ceremony took place in Matelica where he was buried in the family vault.


The Blessed Gentile from Matelica was born in the 14th century. He was a missionary Franciscan Friar and lived in Egypt , Central Asia, Persia and Armenia . He died in Turkey and his relics were moved from Trebisonda to the Friars Church in Venice .


The writer Libero Bigiaretti was born in Matelica on May the 16th 1905 and died in Rome on May the 3rd 1993.
At the age of six, Libero moved to Rome with his family, but he never forgot the city of origin, as his tales and novels testify.
He began his career as a poet in 1936 and published “ Ore e Stagioni”, then started to write for “Lettere d'oggi” magazine.
He published his first novel “Esterina” in 1942 that was followed by other works such as “I Figli” (1954), “I Racconti” (1961) and “Le Indulgenze” (1966), which was awarded the Viareggio prize.
Between 1952 and 1964, as many members of the Italian intelligentsia - amongst them Volponi, Pampaloni and Codignola - he worked for Adriano Olivetti as an editor in chief of the Olivetti group press office.
He was also a president of the Authors and Publishers' Italian Association.


The jurist Prospero Fedozzi was born in Matelica on July the 12th 1872 and died in Genoa on January the 19th 1934.
He taught International Law at the University of Genoa , Perugia and Macerata and was also professor at the International Law Academy of Aia.


Venanzio Filippo Piersanti was born in Matelica in 1688 and died in Rome in 1761.
On March the 30th 1718, at the age of thirty, Piersanti was appointed the Sixth Master of Ceremonies at the court of Pope Clemente XI who also nominated him as his guest and member of the papal court.
Thanks to the important offices that he held, Venanzio Piersanti was able to collect a large number of paintings, tapestry, pieces of furniture and various artistic objects, which were partially moved to his palace in Matelica.


Raffaele Fidanza was born in Matelica on December the 10th 1797 and died on November the 23rd 1846.
He was an academic and mannerist painter and a pupil of two great roman artists such as Camuccini and Podesti. His paintings and portraits are now placed in the Town Hall.


The painter and carver Diego Pettinelli was born in Matelica on August the 10th 1897. He was a pupil of Rodolfo De Carolis. They worked together for many years and painted the beautiful frescoes at Palazzo del Podestà in Bologna .
He taught at the Art School of Rome.


The musician Domizio Laurini was born in Matelica in 1838 and died in Rome in 1942. He was a great and highly regarded horn player. He started to play music in Matelica at the age of 12. His most famous performace is the “Settimio” by Beethoven at the Scala Theatre in Milan.He taught at the Conservatory of Pesaro.


He was a painter belonging to the Umbrian School and worked in Matelica between 1515 and 1530. He painted, together with Venanzio from Camerino, the St. Anne altarpiece in St. Medardo Church (Arcevia).


The jurist and Vatican canonist Filippo Campanelli was born in Matelica on the 1st May 1739 and died in Rome on February the 18th 1795. As a Cardinal Bishop (1798) was interested in political relations with the Protestants and worked on delicate negotiations with the Kingdom of Naples and England .


Prelato, nato a Matelica nel 1688. Morto a Roma nel 1761. Era prefetto delle cerimonie papali ed appassionato collezionista di mobili, dipinti, oggetti, arazzi, cineserie che raccolse nel suo palazzo, ora sede del Museo Piersanti.


The architect Pierluigi Benincasa was born in Matelica in 1272. He planned Palazzo Pretorio.


The economist Marcello Boldrini was born in Matelica on February the 9th 1890 and died in Milan in 1969.
He was an eminent statistician and a great expert of biometrics. He taught at the University of Messina , Padova and Milan , and was a member of the Italian High Council of Statistics.
Boldrini took office as vice-president of the National Hydrocarbon Corporation (ENI) during Mattei's presidency.